Conscious and Unconscious
Carl Jung helped illuminate the nature of the psyche, which he thought of as our complete mind and all knowledge contained in it. However, he did not equate it with the conscious part of awareness, as he recognized that in large measure it functions unconsciously.29 He also thought that, while mind and body influence one another, they have separate dynamics. Jung put forward a model of what mind is and how it works, a diagram comprised of the conscious, the unconscious, and the personal and collective attributes of each. He recognized his schematic as a model, and he thought of models as a means of exploring fields of inquiry. They do not make something so, he maintained, they allow the observation of useful constructs.30
As a result of Jung’s work we have another perspective with which to assess the energy body map. The separate dynamics of mind and body Jung cites correspond to the functions of the energy and physical bodies, for instance. The personal and collective aspects of the conscious and unconscious pertain to individual and group processes of the known and unknown. The conscious and unconscious elements of the psyche correlate with the first and second energy fields.
The Conscious: First Energy Field
Jung articulated that humans have a type of consciousness where the unconscious predominates and another where self-consciousness prevails.31 Superimposing shamanism over this, the first energy field represents the conscious region of awareness. Its refinement enables an ever-expanding sense of the natural order and provides a stepping-stone into a fuller utilization of the psyche. The first field is also that aspect of consciousness ruled by self-consciousness or that which has become known. Usually only a slice of the first field has been awakened. This is mirrored physiologically, in that only a small portion of the brain is used.
The Unconscious: Second Energy Field
The unconscious compares with the unknown or second energy field. It has significant influence, but in ways a person cannot account for. Boiled down, Jung’s concept of the unconscious is everything that is available to perception but not known. It is also that which is capable of being made conscious or known. In addition, he held that the unconscious contained potential; an order reflecting a real, metaphysical reality.32 From this viewpoint, potential may also be considered to be an existing order, which has not yet been learned and therefore not yet made conscious. The parallels with the energy body appear obvious.
Jung also held that the unconscious constitutes a “different medium” than the conscious. Furthermore, the unconscious contains both personal and collective aspects, with each pertaining to an individual’s psychic connection with others.33 Cohesion and uniformity of the energy body relate to both the personal and collective unconscious domains. Uniformity establishes the boundaries of what the collective may eventually form into realization. Cohesion may either influence, or be influenced by, the collective.
Next Section: Mind and Models